The Bangladesh Bank yesterday revealed a rule on non-banking resources for permit loan specialists to manage the properties set up as guarantee after borrowers default.
At the point when customers neglect to repay advances, banks can assume control over the resources through legitimate channels. These resources are called non-banking resources.
The rules requested banks to finish the enrollment and change from the resources, guarantee the actual belonging inside the fastest time, and remember the resources for the monetary record in the wake of changing the duty.
The BB requested banks to survey the worth of the resources judiciously. The valuation should be finished by a three-part board containing authorities who are specialists in the field.
On the off chance that the valuation varies from the public authority fixed rate for nearby properties, the evaluation report should incorporate discernment
The appraisal additionally must be done by valuation firms or expert bodies, as indicated by the BB. The lower esteem among the costs controlled by the valuation board and the valuation firms must be considered as the market cost of the resources.
At the hour of the evaluation of the worth, resources, for example, tin-roofed or semi-pucca structures, unusable constructions and apparatus must be sold at the earliest opportunity and saved the returns against the credits. These resources can't be incorporated as non-banking resources.
The market cost of the land on which the tin-roofed or semi-pucca structure, unusable constructions and hardware are found must be determined subsequent to deducting the use expected to eliminate them.
In the event that the valuation sees a strange decrease in the value contrasted with the last appraisal completed by the bank, the reasons must be learned, and the people capable must be recognized, the BB said.
Prior to changing the non-banking resources against advances, banks should decide the all out extraordinary contribution, which include unrealised credits and interests. The unrealised interest must be moved to the interest anticipation account.
In the event that the market worth of the resources is higher than the advance extraordinary, the credits must be changed, and the leftover piece can't be essential for the accounting report. In such cases, the borrowers have will be let out of any obligation commitment and can't be displayed as defaulters in the Credit Information Bureau (CIB).
In the event that the market esteem is lower than the credit extraordinary, the advances can't be changed altogether. Along these lines, the borrower can't be conceded any acquittance.
Under such a situation, the unadjusted obligations must be expressed as advances, and all legitimate advances must be required to recover the rest of the financing, the rules said.
On account of the non-banking resources that originated from the discount advances, the borrowers will be liberated from the obligation commitment and can't be displayed as defaulters if the market worth of the resources goes past the absolute credits payable. Yet, in the event that the worth is lower than the credits, the debt holders would be displayed as defaulters.
The national bank has requested banks not to hold the non-banking resources past the allowed time. Banks need to move to sell them straightaway. They, notwithstanding, can utilize the resources for run banking tasks.
Such resources will be moved to the part of the unmistakable resources of banks, and the premium tension or arrangement against the non-banking resources will straightforwardly move to the held income segment. It can't be displayed as the pay of the year.
On the off chance that the returns from the deals of the resources are higher than the book esteem, the extra totals will be moved to the asset report as held profit.
Also, the premium anticipation or provisioning will be added to the held profit, and they can't be moved to the pay segment.
On the off chance that the returns from the deals of the resources are lower than book esteem, and the advances can't be covered by utilizing the interest anticipation or arrangement against the terrible advances, it must be changed as the misfortune on deals and remembered for the benefit misfortune account.
Investors invited the BB rules.
"On the off chance that we can deal with the sold resources through courts, we can sell it effectively and might potentially improve cost," said Syed Mahbubur Rahman, overseeing overseer of Mutual Trust Bank.